Source code hosting provided by the generous Logo
Click here for the DBIx::Connect project page.
Search for
Module Version: 1.13  


This software, a Perl package named DBIx::Connect, is released under the same copyright terms as Perl itself.


DBIx::Connect - DBI, DBIx::AnyDBD, and Alzabo database connection (info) via AppConfig


 # .cshrc 
 setenv APPCONFIG /Users/metaperl/.appconfig
 setenv DBIX_CONN "${APPCONFIG}-dbi"

 # Note that the DBIX_CONN environment variable is now optional -
 # a file can be specified using the command line parameter
 # -dbix_conn_file, e.g.:
 perl -dbix_conn_file /Users/metaperl/.appconfig-dbi

 # Any number of blocks may be specified in the config file - one block
 # per connection handle.  Any of the options specified in the file
 # can be overridden # by using the command line syntax shown below.
 # .appconfig-dbi
 user= postgres
 pass   = <STDIN>
 dsn= dbi:Pg:dbname=mydb
 attr RaiseError =  0
 attr PrintError =  0
 attr Taint      =  1

 user = root
 pass = w00t!
 dsn = dbi:mysql:database=mysqldb;host=localhost
 attr RaiseError = 1
 attr PrintError = 1

 # DBIx::AnyDBD usage:
 my @connect_data = DBIx::Connect->data_array('dev_db');
 my $dbh          = DBIx::AnyDBD->connect(@connect_data, "MyClass");

 # Alzabo usage
 my %connect_data = DBIx::Connect->data_hash('dev_db');

 # pure DBI usage
 use DBIx::Connect;

 my $dbh    = DBIx::Connect->to('dev_db');

 # over-ride .appconfig-dbi from the command line
 # not recommended for passwords as C<ps> will reveal the password
 perl basic -dbix_conn_file .appconfig-dbi \
 	-basic_user tim_bunce -basic_pass dbi_rocks
 perl basic -basic_attr "RaiseError=1" \
 	-basic_attr "Taint=0"

 # Note that all parameters can be specified on the command line, 
 # so the file is not strictly necessary.  As a practical matter, 
 # this is not a likely scenario, but it is supported.
 perl -basic_user basic -basic_pass "<STDIN>" \
 	-basic_dsn "dbi:Pg:dbname=basic" -basic_attr "AutoCommit=0"

DBIx::Connect will croak wth the DBI error if it cannot create a valid database handle.


This module facilitates DBI -style, DBIx::AnyDBD -style, or Alzabo -style database connections for sites and applications which make use of AppConfig and related modules to configure their applications via files and/or command-line arguments.

It provides three methods, to, data_array, and data_hash which return a DBI database handle and an array of DBI connection info, respectively.

Each of the 4 DBI connection parameters (username, password, dsn, attr) can be defined via any of the methods supported by AppConfig, meaning via a configuration file, or simple-style command-line arguments. AppConfig also provides support for both simple and Getopt::Long style, but Getopt::Long is overkill for a module this simple.


In order to preserve maximum flexibility, DBIx::Connect does not do any verification of completeness or correctness of connection parameters, deferring these checks to the DBI itself. This is because different drivers (and the DBI itself) can use environment variables (or nothing) to represent valid connection attributes.

DBIx::Connect maintains a strict priority for overlay of connection paramters:

  * Environment variables
  * Config file options
  * Command line parameters

This means that if the user attribute for a connection block is not specified either by the file or command line, undef will be sent to the DBI, which will instruct it to examine DBI_PASS, if defined, or send undef to the database, which is common with certain databases.


The only module similar to this on CPAN is DBIx::Password. Here are some points of comparison/contrast.

* DBI configuration info location
DBIx::Password uses an autogenerated Perl module for its connection data storage. DBIx::Connect uses a Windows INI-style AppConfig file for its connection information.

The advantage of a config file is that each programmer can have his own config file whereas it could prove tedious for each programmer to have his own personal copy of a Perl configuration module.

Not to mention the fact that if each Perl module in your large application went this route, you would be stuck with n-fold Perl configuration modules as opposed to one centralized AppConfig file. For example, my module SQL::Catalog, used to use on-the-fly Config modules and Net::FTP::Common did as well.

* Routes to configurability and password security
DBIx::Password DBI connection options (username, password, dsn, attr) are not over-ridable or settable at the command line. This means passwords must be stored in the configuration file and that efforts must be taken to make a module readable by a program not readable by a human.

In contrast, DBIx::Connect can add configuration information upon invocation via the command-line or via the read-from-STDIN-flag, <STDIN>, which will overwrite or set arguments which could have been in the configuration file, which means your passwords need not be stored on disk at all.

* Support for indirect connection
vis-a-vis connection, DBIx::Password has one method, connect which returns a $dbh. While DBIx::Connect also supplies such a method (named to), it also supplies a data_hash and data_array method which can be passed to any other DBI connection scheme, the must ubiquitous of which are Alzabo and DBIx::AnyDBD, which handles connections for you after you give it the connection data.

I submitted a patch to the author of DBIx::Password to support such functionality, but it was rejected on the grounds that DBIx::Password is designed to secure connection data, not make it available in any form or fashion.

My CPAN module set will be AppConfig-dependant ^

From now on, any module of mine which requires configuration info will use AppConfig to get it. I thought about using XML but a discussion on Perlmonks.Org and one on both made strong arguments in favor of AppConfig.


None by default.


T. M. Brannon <> and Martin Jackson <mhjacks - NOSPAN - at - swbell - dot - net>


The args method of AppConfig::Args is called on a copy of @ARGV, not the actual @ARGV. This allows us to reparse command line arguments multiple times, for multiple calls within the same script/module. The only (possibly) negative effect of this is that the elements of @ARGV will not be consumed as they normally would be by the args method. Be aware of this if you are parsing command line options besides the DBIx::Connect ones.


DBIx::Password AppConfig AppConfig::Std DBI Term::ReadKey